Back in 2018, the Council of Europe significantly strengthened personal data protection mechanisms. Since then, the list of personal data subject to enhanced protection has been expanded by domestic legislation and the practice of the European Court of Human Rights.
The latter has long since begun to attribute to them not only surname, first name, and patronymic persons, but also elements that allow indirect identification of a person, such as a dynamic IP address. In addition, at one time the Court referred to personal data: recordings made for use as voice samples, fingerprints; information about a given person obtained from bank documents, etc.
So-called "sensitive information" also fell into the sphere of protection, among which data on a person's political views become relevant. And, if in Ukraine this issue is resolved in favor of freedom of expression, then, unfortunately, the jurisdiction of the Court remains countries where the expression of personal political views still needs international protection.
The European Court of Human Rights has expressly stated that data revealing political views is considered a "sensitive" category and, in the Court's view, it is unacceptable for national authorities to ignore this aspect by processing such data in accordance with normal domestic rules, without taking into account the need for enhanced their protection.
The company Dynasty Law & Investment will help you feel confident and free in the territory of any state, because it will protect rights and freedoms in any jurisdiction
Oleksiy Hrachov, attorney at Dynasty Law & Investment