From the moment of the beginning of the full-scale aggression of the Russian Federation, the system of military reservation in Ukraine began to operate. Military accounting is a component of the content of the mobilization preparation of the state. On January 5, 2023, Cabinet Resolution No. 1487 of December 30, 2022 "On Approval of the Procedure for Organization and Maintenance of Military Records of Conscripts, Conscripts, and Reservists" entered into force. Responsibility for conscripts or conscripts now rests not only on the military commissariat, but also on state self-government bodies, enterprises and institutions that hire or release men.
According to this Resolution, all enterprises that have military records of conscripts, conscripts and reservists must comply with certain obligations, among which we have singled out the main ones:
• checking of all male citizens for the presence of a military registration document when hiring or studying;
• keep military records of conscripts who work under a signature;
• notify the SBU and the Foreign Intelligence Service within seven days of dismissal, employment or completion of training;
• carry out explanatory work among conscripts and reservists about the importance of accounting at the military commissariat;
• submit information about military personnel who work or have resigned from the enterprise to the relevant district (city) territorial centers of recruitment and social support, SBU bodies, units of the Foreign Intelligence Service upon their request for information about conscripts;
• check the list of personal data on each reservist who works and studies in this organization at least once a year with the data of military commissariats and other bodies;
• draw up the documents necessary for the reservation of conscripts for the period of mobilization and for wartime.
In case of violation of the rules of military accounting, conscripts and conscripts must bear administrative responsibility, according to the Civil Code (fine from thirty to fifty tax-free minimum incomes of citizens).
Alina Shulika, attorney at Dynasty Law & Investment